A Lung Ultrasound Scanning Technique for Children and Adults in Low-Resource Settings: Preliminary Experiences in Sub-Saharan Africa

Lung ultrasound is increasingly used as a diagnostic tool for pulmonary pathologies by nonspecialist clinicians in resource-limited settings where chest X-ray may not be readily available. However, the optimal technique for lung ultrasound in these settings is not yet clearly defined. We describe here our experience of implementing a standardized, focused six-zone, 12-view lung ultrasound scanning technique with a high-frequency probe in both adults and children in a resource-limited setting in sub-Saharan Africa. Our experience suggests that this may be a feasible technique to rapidly introduce lung ultrasound to new learners that can be adapted to emergency or outbreak settings. However, research is needed to determine how this technique compares with clinical examination and other available tests for the diagnosis of pathology commonly encountered in resource-limited settings.